Contract Law Uk Notes

Contract Law UK Notes: Understanding the Basics

Contract law is an essential area of study for any law student or aspiring lawyer in the UK. It governs the relationships between parties who enter into agreements, such as buyers and sellers, employers and employees, and landlords and tenants.

To understand contract law, you need to know what constitutes a contract. In essence, a contract is an agreement between two or more parties that creates an obligation to do or not to do something. The essential elements of a contract include an offer, acceptance, consideration, and intention to create legal relations.

An offer is a proposal by one party to another to enter into a contract. The offer must be made with the intention of creating a legally binding agreement. Acceptance is the agreement by the other party to the offer. Consideration is the price or benefit that each party gains from the agreement. Finally, the intention to create legal relations is essential to ensure that the parties’ agreement is enforceable by law.

Once a contract is established, the parties must abide by its terms. However, certain circumstances may arise that render a contract unenforceable. For example, a contract may be unenforceable if it is entered into under duress, undue influence, or misrepresentation. Additionally, if the contract is impossible to perform, it may be deemed unenforceable.

Contract law also governs the remedies available if one party breaches the agreement. These remedies may include damages, specific performance, or injunctions. Damages are a financial compensation awarded to the non-breaching party to compensate for any losses incurred due to the breach. Specific performance is an order by the court to perform the terms of the agreement. An injunction is a court order restraining one party from doing something specific.


Contract law is a complex area of law that requires a solid understanding of the principles and concepts that govern it. If you’re studying law in the UK, it’s essential to grasp the basics of contract law. By doing so, you’ll be better equipped to navigate the complex web of legal relationships that are created by contracts. Remember, contracts are the backbone of many commercial transactions, so having a good grasp of contract law can be invaluable in your career as a lawyer.